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INDIAN STATE : ORISSA

Major Industries

Agriculture

Agriculture is the prominent sector in Orissa's economy. In Orissa 65% work force derives employment from agriculture.

Land use pattern in the state:

(In lakh hects)
Geographical area 155.71
Forest 58.13
Land not available for cultivation 18.42
Misc. tree crops 4.82
Pasture 4.43
Waste lands 3.92
Fallow lands 8.60
Net area sown 57.39
Cultivated area 61.65
Cultivable area 65.99
Grass Cropped area 87.18
Cropping intensity 152%

Thrust areas targeted by the government in agriculture sector

  • Dry land agriculture on watershed basis
  • Production of commercial crops - cotton, sugarcane, potato
  • Agricultural Intensification with water management in irrigation command
  • Quality seed production through seed village approach
  • Small farm mechanization & agro service center
  • Creation of farmer's market (Kissan mandi)
  • Information Technology in Agriculture
  • Infrastructure development (Agro-processing, Cold storage, Seed processing etc.)

Special Schemes for agriculture sector

A number of special schemes both internally and externally aided are operating in the state. Some of the important schemes aided by Govt.of India are

  • Integrated Cereals Development Programme (Rice)
  • National Pulse Development Programme (NPDP)
  • Oilseed Production Programme (OPP)
  • Special Jute Development Programme (SJDP)
  • Intensive Cotton Development Programme (ICDP, Cotton)

These are basically crop-oriented scheme with the main objectives of increasing production and productivity through better-input supply, extension support and infrastructural facilities. Supply of inputs at subsidized rate, seed village programme for production of certified seeds, laying of block demonstration, distribution of minikits to popularize new varieties, farm mechanization are some of the novel features of these schemes.

Horticulture

Horticulture based farming system is emerging as the most productive practice for augmenting additional income to the small landholders of the state. Various crops like fruits, vegetables, floricultural crops, medicinal and aromatic plants, spices and plantation crops are cultivated.

National Horticulture Mission has provided a boost to the horticultural development of the state not only to be self-sufficient but also to emerge as a hub of export of horticultural produce to the neighbouring states as well as to other countries in the commercial horticultural crops and spices. Out of 30 districts 19 districts of the state has been covered under National Horticultural Mission.

Sericulture

Sericulture is an agro-based industry. The process involves rearing of silkworms for the production of raw silk, which is the yarn obtained out of cocoons spun by certain species of insects. The key activities of sericulture comprises of food-plant cultivation to feed the silkworms which spin silk cocoons and reeling the cocoons for unwinding the silk filament for value added benefits such as processing and weaving.

To meet the basic seed requirement of the seed rearers number of Pilot Project Centres have been setup in Tassar growing areas. Government of India has also setup Basic seed Multiplication & Training Centres (BSMTC) for quality seed supply and one REC to transfer technologies from lab to land in order to popularize the industry.

Sericulture industry has following advantages

  • High employment potential
  • Provides vibrancy to village economics
  • Low gestation, high returns
  • Women friendly occupation
  • Ideal programme for weaker sections of the society
  • Eco-friendly activity
  • Satisfy equity concerns

Key Strategies of Government to strengthen Sericulture industry

  • Self-employment opportunity to the tribal/BPL families.
  • Plantation of trees like Assan & Arjun for utilization in silkworm rearing and production of Tassar Cocoons.
  • Up-gradation of degraded forest land for Tassar culture
  • Mulberry silkworm activity in in-door getting leaf from mulberry garden providing periodical income to the farmers all round the year.

Metal Sector

Orissa has become a preferred destination for foreign & domestic investors. The state is rich in mineral resources such as Iron ore,Coal,Bauxite,Nickel and Chromite. Major investors in the metal sector are POSCO, Tata Steel, Bhusan Gp, Jindal Gp, Essar Steel, Hindalco, Vedanta, Aditya Aluminum, L&T-Dubal etc.

Minerals and Metallurgical

Orissa is one of the richest mineral states in India, offering a tremendous resource base for industrialisation.75% of the landmass is covered with old mineral rocks, comprising 18.4% of India's mineral deposits. The largest sector of exports from Orissa comprises of minerals and metallurgical products which include iron ore, chrome ore, manganese ore and limonite amongst minerals and charge chrome, Aluminium and alumina, Ferro-manganese etc. among metallurgical products. These minerals toghether amount to Rs.6842 crore which is more than 84% of state's total export performance in 2005-06.

 

 
 
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