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KNOW INDIA

INDIAN STATE : KERALA

Social Infrastructure

Education

The literacy rate of Kerala, which was 47.18% in 1951 almost, doubled in 2001 census. According to 2001 census, the literacy rate for Kerala is 90.92 percent as against the all India literacy rate of 65.38 percent. Kerala's male literacy rate at 94.20 percent and female literacy rate at 87.86 percent are unique compared to the corresponding national figures of 75.85 percent and 54.16 percent respectively. The highest literacy rate of 95.90 percent is in Kottayam district of Kerala. A taluk-wise analysis reveals that literacy rate is the highest in Mallappally taluk (97.03%) of Pathanamthitta district.

Health

Generally mortality indicators like death rate, infant mortality rate and expectation of life at birth measures the health status of a state. In Kerala Mortality indicators shows that health status is far advanced and higher than the all India average and is even comparable with developed countries. The state of Kerala has achieved this excellent progress of health status through widespread growth of medicine in public, private, co-operative sectors combined with People's health awareness. Health care system in Kerala's constitutes allopathy, ayurveda and homoeopathy.

Major Industries

Handloom Industry

The handloom industry stands second to the coir industry in providing employment among the traditional industries of the state This sector in Kerala is concentrated in Thiruvananthapuram and Kannur districts and in some parts of Kozhikode, Palakkad, Thrissur, Ernakulam, Kollam and Kasaragod districts. The co-operative sector (consists of factory type and cottage type societies.) dominates this industry with 94 per cent of looms.Six per cent of the remaining handloom units is owned by Industrial entrepreneurs .

The handloom sector of the state is mainly in the production of various varieties such as dhotis, furnishing material, grey saree and lungi.

Power loom Industry

In Kerala,mostly the looms are in Kannur, Thrissur and Palakkad districts.

Coir Industry

Coir Industry has been a long-established industry in Kerala.Government is making effort to facilitate existing units in the co-operative sector and to open such units in the private sector. Among the items of export handloom mat, tufted mat, coir pith, power loom mat, rubberised coir and coir fibre have showed an increase. USA is the largest importer of coir products from India, followed by Germany, UK, France, Netherlands and Italy.

In Kerala COIRFED is the Apex Federation of Primary Co-operative Societies, which are engaged in the manufacture of coir fibre, coir yarn and coir products. The Coirfed markets their entire output, while the coir products are marketed by concerned societies themselves.

Khadi and Village Industries

Khadi and village industries board activities are carried out through co-operative societies, registered institutions and departmental units by availing financial assistance from the state government, khadi commission and nationalized banks.

Sericulture

Sericulture is an agro-based industry promoted as a secondary occupation in Kerala. State Sericulture Co-operative Federation (SERIFED) is the nodal agency for promoting sericulture activities.A project, called "Community Silk Weaving" has been implemented in association with the Thiruvananthapuram as a part of commercial production Taluk Sericulture Co-operative Society.

Mining

Kerala is rich in deposits such as heavy mineral sand, china clay, iron ore, graphite etc. Heavy mineral sand and china clay contribute a higher share of the total value of mineral production in the State. Department of Mining & Geology has undertaken exploratory drilling for china clay at the following areas

1. Erikulam and Paivalike area in Kasaragod District
2. Kadayattu near Mulavana, Kollam District

Tourism

Success of any tourism sector depends on its scenic grandeur, moderate weather, fresh environment, hospitable and peaceable people with high tolerance for cultural diversity and the potential for creating unique 'tourism products'. Kerala is one destination that holds all these qualities and is increasingly rated as one of the must-visited destinations by foreign tourists as well as domestic tourists.

Major Tourism Destinations some of the major tourist destinations of Kerala are Triruvananthapuram City, Kovalam, Poovar, Ponmudi, Varkala, Palaruvi, Paravoor,Alappuzha, Kuttanadu, Erumeli, Thekkady, Munnar, Vagamon, Kumarakom, Kochi City, Aluva, Kalady, Cherai Beach, Maradu, Guruvayoor, Chalakudy, Athirappalli,Parambikulam, Nelliyampathi, Malampuzha, Nilambur, Kozhikode City, Kappad,Wayanad, Kadalundinagaram, Muzhupilangad and Bekal

Information Technology

Kerala has all the major infrastructural requirements that are required for the proliferation of growth in the IT sector. Also, no other major State in the country has such an extensive fibre optic network, as does Kerala. Kochi in Kerala is one of India's 2nd tier cosmopolitan cities and is fast emerging as a unique IT destination. Kerala's position in the IT sector is promising and is on a steady growth path.

Policy Framework

Industrial & Commercial Policy 2011-Draft

To view full draft of the policy Click here

IT Policy 2011-Draft

To view full draft of the policy Click here

Useful Web links

 

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