Area : 3.3 Million sq.
Location: The country is surrounded by the Bay of Bengal in the
east, the Arabian Sea in the west, and the Indian Ocean
to the south. India occupies a major portion of the
Lying entirely in the Northern Hemisphere, the country
extends between 8° 4' and 37° 6' latitudes north
of the Equator, and 68°7' and 97°25' longitudes
east of it.
Indian Standard Time:
GMT + 05:30
Telephone Country Code:
Capital: New Delhi
Border Countries: Afghanistan
and Pakistan to the north-west; China, Bhutan and Nepal
to the north; Myanmar to the east; and Bangladesh to
the east of West Bengal. Sri Lanka is separated from
India by a narrow channel of sea, formed by Palk Strait
and the Gulf of Mannar.
Coastline : 7517 km
encompassing the mainland, Lakshadweep Islands, and
the Andaman & Nicobar Islands.
Climate: The climate
of India can broadly be classified as a tropical monsoon
one. But, in spite of much of the northern part of India
lying beyond the tropical zone, the entire country has
a tropical climate marked by relatively high temperatures
and dry winters. There are four seasons - winter (December-February),
(ii) summer (March-June), (iii) south-west monsoon season
(June-September), and (iv) post monsoon season (October-
Terrain: The mainland
comprises of four regions, namely the great mountain
zone, plains of the Ganga and the Indus, the desert
region, and the southern peninsula.
Coal, iron ore, manganese ore, mica, bauxite, petroleum,
titanium ore, chromite, natural gas, magnesite, limestone,
arable land, dolomite, barytes, kaolin, gypsum, apatite,
phosphorite, steatite, fluorite, etc.
Country Name: Republic
of India ; Bharat Ganrajya
Government Type: Democratic
Republic with a Parliamentary system of Government.
States & Union Territories :
28 States and 7 Union Territories.
Constitution: The Constitution
of India came into force on 26th January 1950. The Constitution
of India is the source of the legal system
in the country.
Executive Branch: The
President of India is the Head of State, while the Prime
Minister is the Head of the Government and runs office
with the support of the Council of Ministers which forms
Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha form both houses of the parliament.
Judicial Branch: The
Supreme Court of India is the apex body of the Indian
legal system, followed by other High Courts and subordinate
- 26 th January (Republic Day)
- 15 th August (Independence Day)
- 2 nd October (Gandhi Jayanti; Mahatma Gandhi's Birthday)
Population (Census 2011):
Males: 623.7 Million,
Females: 586.5 Million
Birth Rate (2009):
22.5 (Per Thousand)
Death Rate (2009):
7.3 (Per Thousand)
Infant Mortality Rate (2009): 50 (Per Thousand)
Density of Population (Census 2011)
: 382 Persons (Per Square Kilometer)
Expectation of Life (2002-06): 63.4 Years
Males : 62.6 Years,
Females : 64.2 Years
Ethnic Groups: All
the five major racial types - Australoid, Mongoloid,
Europoid, Caucasian, and Negroid find representation
among the people of India.
to the 2001 census, out of the total population of 1,028
million in the Country, Hindus constituted the majority
with 80.5%, Muslims came second at 13.4%, followed by
Christians, Sikhs, Buddhists, Jains, and others.
Languages: There are
22 different languages that have been recognised by
the Constitution of India, of which Hindi is an Official
Language. English has by law been designated the language
for official purposes.
Literacy Rate (Census 2011):
Males: 82.14 Percent,
Females: 65.46 Percent