India enjoys a strategic location with reference to continental Asia and the Indian Ocean Region. The Indian peninsular landmass covers an area of 3.3 million square km and its population of over 1 billion people encompasses a vast range of ethnic, religious, cultural and linguistic diversities. India's geographical area, strategic location, trade links and its
exclusive economic zone (EEZ) connect, its security environment directly with its extensive neighborhood are some factors which involve concomitant security concerns, responsibilities and challenges in an increasingly global environment.
While geo-strategic imperatives play a defining role in our security paradigm, economic and social imperatives also shape our security concerns and objectives. The economy is growing rapidly and is among the fastest rising in the region and the world. The trajectory of India 's national development is based on the core values of democracy, secularism and peaceful co-existence. A stable and peaceful regional and global environment is necessary to achieve the aim of growth and prosperity for our citizens.
The country's defence services include three Armed Forces (i.e., the Army, the Navy and the Air Force), and other Departments, primarily Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) and Defence Ordnance Factories.
and Development Organisation (DRDO)
The Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) has come a long way since its modest beginning in 1958. Starting with only 10 laboratories, DRDO has grown multi-dimensionally and has evolved to be a core research organisation with a vast network of 52 laboratories and establishments spread across the country. With a vision to empower India with cutting-edge technologies and equip our services with internationally competitive systems, DRDO has proven its competence to produce state-of-the-art strategic and tactical military hardware and related technologies in diverse disciplines such as aeronautics, armaments, combat vehicles, combat engineering, electronics, missiles, life sciences, materials and naval systems. At the core of this technological strength of DRDO is its expertise in system design, system integration, testing and evaluation and project management built over the last five decades, which has enabled it in developing indigenous capabilities in weapons and their delivery systems.
Defence Ordnance Factories
Indian Ordnance Factories is a giant industrial setup which functions under the Department of Defence Production of the Ministry of Defence. Indian Ordnance Factories, headquartered at Kolkata, is a conglomerate of 39 Factories, 9 Training Institutes, 3 Regional Marketing Centres and 4 Regional Controller of Safety.
Today,Ordnance Factor Board (OFB) along with its 39 factories spread over India provide:
- A broad and versatile production base with multi-technology capabilities.
- State of the art manufacturing facilities.
- Large reservoir of skilled and professionally qualified manpower and managerial personnel.
- Strict adherence to quality standard (all the units are ISO-9000 certified).
- Original as well as adaptive research & development to make need based refinement and modifications.
- Project engineering capability.
- A strong base for industrial training facilities.
- Ready market access due to convenient location.
Overview of defence spending in
Expenditure on Defence in the year 2010-11 was US$ 33.5 billion. There was a 6.9% increase from the defence spending in 2009-10.
Defence Public Sector Units (DPSUs) continue to play an integral part in the defence production. Defence has for a long time been a part of the public sector since it requires large investments and substantial research and development (R&D) support. India maintains an extensive defence industrial base with 39 Ordnance Factories and 8 DPSUs which are engaged in the manufacture of state-of-the-art weapons and systems for the armed forces. Over the years, these organisations have aimed to achieve self-sufficiency and indigenization of defence manufacturing in the country. In terms of value of production, DPSUs account for more than 65 % of the total industrial output of all defence public sector entities in India . During 2010-11, the value of production by DPSUs totaled nearly US$ 3.9 billion.