The Indian economy has been
growing consistently over the last few years,
stable growth, rising foreign exchange reserves,
increasing inflows of Foreign Direct Investment
(FDI) set the stage for high growth expectations.
Propelled by growth of the economy and liberalization,
the aviation sector in India experienced an unprecedented
growth in the corresponding period. The estimated
total passenger throughput for all airports in
India in 2008-09 grew to 109 million from 40 million
in 2000-01 and freight tonnage from 0.80 million
to 1.70 million tons in the same period. This
sector is a collection of multiple distinct, yet
intertwined, commercial functions in different
segments - for instance, airport, airlines, ground
handling, air traffic control, safety, security,
There are 15 scheduled operator's permit holders
including two regional ones and two in the cargo
category, with 419 aircraft endorsed on their
permits. The number of non-scheduled operator's
permit holders in different categories, namely
passenger, cargo and charter, has gone up to 118,
with 332 aircraft endorsed on their permit. The
number of non-scheduled flight clearances granted
to foreign non-scheduled operators in 2009 was
11,183. During 2009, a total of 1,18,064 tourists
visited the country by 557 Inclusive Tourist Package
(ITP) tourist charter flights.
Statistics of growth
Passengers carried by domestic airlines from
January-April, 2010 were 162.82 lakhs as against
133.41 lakhs in the corresponding period of year
2009 thereby registering a growth of 22.05%.The
total domestic passengers carried by the scheduled
Airlines of India in the month of April, 2010
was 41.88 lakhs.
Airline-wise details of market share of scheduled
domestic airlines for the month of April,
2010 are as follows:
Air India (Domestic)
of Civil Aviation (DGCA)
- Development of airports at Delhi and Mumbai
has been taken up under Public Private Partnership
mode. It is planned to fund the capital expenditure
through private equity, borrowings and internal
resources of joint venture companies. The development
work is likely to be completed by 2010 at Delhi
airport and 2012 in Mumbai.
- Development of Kolkata and Chennai international
airports has been taken up by the Airports Authority
of India (AAI).The work is in progress and is
scheduled to be completed by May 2010 and January
2011 respectively. Bangalore and Hyderabad international
airports have been developed on Public Private
Partnership mode as greenfield airports. These
two airports have been put in operation. Greenfield
Airports in the North-eastern region.
- The AAI plans to construct of greenfield airports
in the north-eastern region with budgetary support.
Construction work has already commenced at Pekyong
Airport in Sikkim and is likely to be completed
by January 2012.
- Approval is being obtained for construction
of greenfield airports at Cheitu (Nagaland)
and Itanagar (Arunachal Pradesh).
Development of 35 Non-metro
The AAI has taken up the development of 35 non-metro
airports. Of them, 9 have been completed and put
in operation. The other projects are in progress
and likely to be completed by 2010-11. The Committee
of Infrastructure has identified 24 of the 35
non-metro airports for city-side development through
Public Private Partnership. It has been decided
that in the first instance city-side development
of 10 selected airports, namely Ahmadabad, Kolkata,
Jaipur, Lucknow, Amritsar, Indore, Vishakhapatnam,
Hyderabad, Guwahati and Bhubaneswar, should be
undertaken. It has been proposed to carve out
the surplus land available with the AAI on the
city side of the selected airports and lease out
the same through open tenders.
Creation of Heliport
Pawan Hans Helicopters Ltd. proposes to construct
a heliport in New Delhi to provide connectivity
to tourists and the business community, especially
during the Commonwealth Games 2010, and for emergency/disaster
management. Possession has been taken of the land
allotted by the Delhi Development authority (DDA)
at Rohini and M/s RITES Ltd has been engaged for
preparation of a feasibility study.
Major Airports in India
- Sardar Vallabh Bhai Patel International Airport,
- Bengaluru International Airport, Devanhalli
- Kozhikode Airport, Calicut
- Chennai International Airport, Chennai
- Cochin International Airport, Cochin
- Indira Gandhi International Airport, Delhi
- Goa International Airport, Dabolim
- Rajiv Gandhi International Airport, Shamshabad
- Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose International
- Chhatrapati Shivaji International Airport,
- Pune Airport, Pune
- Thiruananthapuram International Airport, Thiruananthapuram
Recent initiatives in Aviation
- Financial Surveillance of Air Operators: The
Air Transport Directorate in the Office of the
Director General of Civil Aviation (DGCA) has
started an evaluation of the financial health
of the scheduled airlines. A one-time comprehensive
audit of NACIL (I) Kingfisher and Jet Airways
has also been carried out.
- Transparency in Air Fare Advertising: In order
to have transparency in airfare advertising,
Rule 135 of Aircraft Rules 1937 has been amended
wherein airlines shall display tariff in a conspicuous
manner to show the total amount payable by a
passenger and complete break-up of the total
amount, indicating the fare, tax, fees or any
other charge, if any, separately. Scheduled
domestic airlines have complied with the provisions
of Rule 135.
- Tariff Monitoring: The DGCA has started monitoring
tariffs of scheduled domestic airlines. A group
has been constituted comprising tariff analysis
experts who carry out the analysis of fares
on major routes on daily basis.
- India-EU Civil Aviation Cooperation Programme:
Under the Joint Action Plan, a Civil Aviation
Cooperation Project-II has been agreed upon.
Its terms of reference (TOR) have been finalized.
The project called "Institutional Capacity
Building in the Civil Aviation Section in India"
is likely to commence during 2010.
- India-USA Aviation Cooperation Programme (ACP):
The India-US ACP was signed in June 2007 with
the objective of promoting safety, operational
efficiency and system capacity and facilitating
and coordinating aviation industry training
and technical ties between the US and India.
The first phase of the ACP was completed in
2008 and its second phase is under way.