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INDUSTRY & SERVICES

MINES

Mineral and Metal Scenario

Minerals are valuable natural resources being finite and non-renewable. They constitute the vital raw materials for many basic industries and are a major resource for development. The wide availability of the minerals in the form of abundant rich reserves made it very conducive for the growth and development of the mining sector in India.


The country is endowed with huge resources of many metallic and non-metallic minerals. Mining sector is an important segment of the Indian economy. Since independence, there has been a pronounced growth in the mineral production both in terms of quantity and value. India produces as many as 87 minerals, which include 4 fuel, 10 metallic, 47 non-metallic, 3 atomic and 23 minor minerals (including building and other materials).

 

Contribution and Rank of India in World Production of Principal Minerals and Metals

Commodity

Unit of Quantity

Production

Contribution (per cent)

India's Rank in Order of Quantum of Production

 

World*

India*

Mineral Fuels

 

 

 

 

 

Coal and Lignite

million tonnes

6938

566

8.1

3rd

Petroleum (crude)

million tonnes

3714

33.6

0.9

25th

Metallic Minerals

 

 

 

 

 

Bauxite

'000 tonnes

199000

14048

7.06

6th

Chromites

'000 tonnes

18700

3372

18.0

2nd

Iron Ore

million tonnes

2248

213

9.5

4th

Manganese Ore

'000 tonnes

33400

2396

7.2

5th

Industrial Minerals

 

 

 

 

 

Barytes

'000 tonnes

7100

2137

30.1

2nd

Magnesite

'000 tonnes

24300

285

1.2

11th

Rock phosphate

'000 tonnes

159000

1450

0.9

14th

Talc/Steatite/Pyrophyllite

'000 tones

7400

1063

14.3

2nd

Mica

tonne

300000

1243

0.34

15th

Metals

 

 

 

 

 

Aluminium

'000 tonnes

36900

1302

3.5

7th

Copper (refined)

'000 tonnes

18300

500

2.7

10th

Steel (crude)

million tonnes

1224

63

5.1

3rd

Lead (refined)

'000 tonnes

8900

197

2.2

10th

Zinc (slab)

'000 tonnes

11400

658

5.7

3rd

Source: World Mineral Production 2005-2009, British Geological Survey
*- Figures related to 2009.

Mineral Production

The index of mineral production of mining and quarrying sector in the month of October 2011 was higher by 10.54 per cent compared to that of the preceding month. The mineral sector has shown a negative growth of 7.19 per cent during October 2011 as compared to that of the corresponding month of previous year.

The total value of mineral production (excluding atomic & minor minerals) in the country during October 2011 was US$ 2.73 billion . The contribution of petroleum (crude) was the highest at US$ 1.09  billion (40 per cent). Next in the order of importance were: coal US$ 0.70 billion , iron ore US$ 0.43 billion , natural gas (utilized) US$ 0.27 billion, lignite US$ 0.05 billion and limestone US$ 0.05 billion. These six minerals together contributed about 96 per cent of the total value of mineral production in October 2011.

Production level of important minerals in October 2011 were: coal 400 lakh tonnes, lignite 2.7 million tonnes, natural gas (utilized) 3932 million cu. m., petroleum (crude) 3.2 million tonnes, bauxite 958 thousand tonnes, chromite 256 thousand tonnes, copper conc. 10 thousand tonnes, gold 104 kg., iron ore 10.5 million tonnes, lead conc. 13 thousand tonnes, manganese ore 170 thousand tonnes, zinc conc. 111 thousand tonnes, apatite & phosphorite 178 thousand tonnes, dolomite 388 thousand tonnes, limestone 19.9 million tonnes, magnesite 14 thousand tonnes and diamond 1481 carat.

In the month of October 2011 the output of chromite increased by 47.18 per cent, magnetite 34.90 per cent, coal 33.88 per cent, limestone 5.90 per cent, manganese ore 5.20 per cent, petroleum (crude) 3.21 per cent, natural gas (utilized) 1.37 percent. The production of lignite remains at the level of previous month. However the production of iron ore decreased by 1.24 per cent, dolomite 2.17 per cent, copper conc. 2.48 per cent, lead conc. 2.61 per cent, zinc conc. 2.71 per cent, apatite & phosphorite 9.80 per cent, bauxite 11.06 per cent, diamond 28.14 per cent and gold 29.25 percent.

Government in the Mining Sector

Survey and exploration

  • Geological Survey of India (GSI)
  • Mineral Exploration Corporation Ltd (MECL)

Regulation and conservation

  • Indian Bureau of Mines (IBM)

Mining and processing

  • Hindustan Copper Limited
  • National Aluminium Company Ltd

 

 

 
 
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