Cement is one of the core industries which plays
a vital role in the growth and expansion of a
nation. It is basically a mixture of compounds,
consisting mainly of silicates and aluminates
of calcium, formed out of calcium oxide, silica,
aluminium oxide and iron oxide. The demand for
cement, depends primarily on the pace of activities
in the business, financial, real estate and infrastructure
sectors of the economy. Cement is considered preferred
building material and is used worldwide for all
construction works such as housing and industrial
construction, as well as for creation of infrastructures
like ports, roads, power plants, etc. Indian cement
industry is globally competitive because the industry
has witnessed healthy trends such as cost control
and continuous technology upgradation.
The Indian cement industry is extremely energy
intensive and is the third largest user of coal
in the country. It is modern and uses latest technology,
which is among the best in the world. Also, the
industry has tremendous potential for development
as limestone of excellent quality is found almost
throughout the country.
The Indian cement industry is the second largest
producer of quality cement. Indian Cement Industry
is engaged in the production of several varieties
of cement such as Ordinary Portland Cement (OPC),
Portland Pozzolana Cement (PPC), Portland Blast
Furnace Slag Cement (PBFS), Oil Well Cement, Rapid
Hardening Portland Cement, Sulphate Resisting
Portland Cement, White Cement, etc. They are produced
strictly as per the Bureau of Indian Standards
(BIS) specifications and their quality is comparable
with the best in the world.
industry occupies an important place in the national
economy because of its strong linkages to other
sectors such as construction, transportation,
coal and power. The cement industry is also one
of the major contributors to the exchequer by
way of indirect taxes.
Facts of Indian Cement Industry
- The Industry recorded an exponential growth with the introduction of partial decontrol in 1982 culminating in total decontrol in 1989.
- India ranks second in world cement producing countries.
- It contributes to environmental cleanliness by consuming hazardous wastes like Fly Ash (around 30 Mn.t) from thermal power plants and the entire 8 Mn.t of slag produced by steel manufacturing units.
- As a part of Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR), the cement Industry employs around 0.1 million people and takes care of the social needs not only of the employees but also adopts several villages around the factories providing free drinking water, electricity, medical and educational facilities.
- The cement Industry produces a variety of cement to suit a host of applications matching the world's best in quality.
- Exports Cement/Clinker to around 30 countries across the globe and earns precious foreign exchange.
According to Ministry of Commerce & Industry data
for November 2012,cement production registered a negative growth of (-) 0.2 per cent in November 2012 against its 17.0 per cent growth in November 2011. The cumulative growth of cement production was 6.7 per cent during April- November 2012-13 compared to its 4.8 per cent growth during the same period of 2011-12.
Key Drivers of Cement Industry
- Buoyant real estate market
- Increase in infrastructure spending
- Various governmental programmes like National
Rural Employment Guarantee
- Low-cost housing in urban and rural areas
under schemes like Jawaharlal Nehru National
Urban Renewal Mission (JNNURM) and Indira Aawas