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ECONOMY

Major Schemes/Programmes for the Agricultural Sector

Agriculture being a state subject, primary responsibility for increasing agriculture production, enhancing productivity and exploring the untapped potential of the sector rests with the states. The central government supplements the efforts of state governments through centrally sponsored and central-sector schemes.


National Food Security Mission (NFSM)

To enhance the production of rice, wheat, and pulses by 10, 8, and 2 million tonnes respectively by the end of the Eleventh Plan through area expansion and productivity enhancement; restoring soil fertility and productivity; creating employment opportunities; and enhancing farm-level economy to restore the confidence of farmers of targeted districts, acentrally sponsored National Food Security Mission (NFSM) was launched in 2007-8 with three major components, viz. NFSM-Rice, NFSM-Wheat, and NFSM-Pulses. During the Eleventh Five Year Plan, NFSM-Rice was implemented in 144 districts of 16 states, NFSM-Wheat in 142 districts of 9 states and NFSM-Pulses in 468 districts of 16 states. In 2012-13, six north-eastern states, viz. Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, and Sikkim were included under NFSM-Rice and the hill states of Himachal Pradesh, and Uttarakhand under NFSM Rice and Wheat and J&K under NFSM- wheat.

Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana (RKVY)


The Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana (RKVY) was launched in 2007-8 in the Eleventh Plan for incentivizing states to enhance public investment. The RKVY format permits taking up national priorities as sub-schemes, allowing the states flexibility in project selection and implementation. The RKVY links 50 per cent of central assistance to those states that have stepped up the percentage of state plan expenditure on the agriculture and allied sector. A total of 5768 projects were taken up by states in the Eleventh Plan of which 3343 had been completed till December end 2012.


National Mission for Sustainable Agriculture (NMSA)

Climate change poses a major challenge to agricultural production and productivity.The National Mission for Sustainable Agriculture (NMSA), under the aegis of the National Action Plan on Climate Change (NAPCC), seeks to address issues related to 'Sustainable Agriculture' in the context of risks associated with climate change. It hopes to achieve its objectives by devising appropriate adaptation and mitigation strategies for ensuring food security, enhancing livelihood opportunities, and contributing to economic stability at national level. The NMSA has already been accorded 'in-principle' approval by Prime Minister's Council on Climate Change. During the Twelfth Five year Plan, climate change adaptation and mitigation strategies will be operationalized by restructuring the existing programmes.

Bringing Green Revolution to Eastern India

Bringing Green Revolution to Eastern India, initiated in 2010-11, intends to address the constraints limiting the productivity of 'rice based cropping systems' in eastern India comprising seven states, viz. Assam, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, Odisha, Eastern Uttar Pradesh, and West Bengal.


Rainfed Area Development Programme (RADP)

Given the importance of rainfed agriculture in India, the Rainfed Area Development Programme (RADP) was launched by the government as a pilot scheme under the RKVY focusing on small and marginal farmers and farming systems. It adopted a holistic 'end-to-end approach' covering integrated farming, on-farm water management, storage marketing, and value addition of farm produce in order to enhance farmers' income in rainfed areas. During 2012-13, the RADP is being implemented in 22 states and will be substantially upscaled during the Twelfth Plan as a programme component under the NMSA.

Macro Management of Agriculture (MMA)

The Macro Management of Agriculture (MMA) scheme, revised in 2008, has formula-based allocation criteria and provides assistance to states/ UTs as 100 per cent grant.

Integrated Scheme of Oilseeds, Pulses, Oil Palm, and Maize (ISOPOM)

The Integrated Scheme of Oilseeds, Pulses, Oil Palm, and Maize (ISOPOM) provides flexibility to states in implementation based on a regionally differentiated approach for promoting crop diversification and providing a focus to the programme. Under the scheme, assistance is provided for purchase of breeder seed, production of foundation seed, production and distribution of certified seed, distribution of seed minikits, distribution of plant protection chemicals, plant protection equipments and weedicides, supply of rhizobium culture/phosphate solubilizing bacteria, supply of improved farm implements, distribution of gypsum/pyrite/liming/dolomite, distribution of sprinkler sets and water-carrying pipes, and publicity for encouraging farmers to grow oilseeds and maize.

National Horticulture Mission (ISOPOM)

The National Horticulture Mission (NHM) covered 18 states and three UTs during the Eleventh Plan. The scheme aims at the holistic development of the horticulture sector by ensuring forward and backward linkages through adopting a cluster approach with the active participation of all stakeholders. During the Eleventh Plan period 16.7 lakh ha of land was brought under horticulture / high value horticulture crops.

In order to harness production gains by reducing post harvest losses and creating value addition and better delivery mechanism to consumers through a cold chain system, a National Centre for Cold-Chain Development (NCCD) has been set up. Setting up of the NCCD is expected to provide the necessary boost for adding capacity and creating a cold chain network in the country. Over the years, the availability of horticultural produce has improved significantly.

Major crop insurance schemes

Indian agriculture faces risks from many factors ranging from weather changes, and natural disasters to uncertainties in output prices. Hence risk management and risk mitigation are of utmost importance. The government administers a number of crop insurance schemes.


National Agricultural Insurance Scheme (NAIS)

The Agriculture Insurance Company of India Ltd. implements the National Agricultural Insurance Scheme (NAIS). At present the scheme is being implemented by 24 states and two UTs.

Pilot Weather Based Crop Insurance Scheme

The Pilot Weather Based Crop Insurance Scheme is intended to insure farmers against adverse weather incidence. From kharif 2007-8 to rabi 2011- 12, 370.69 lakh farmers cultivating an area of about 520.86 lakh ha.

Extension Services

The State Extension Programmes for Extension Reforms scheme was launched in 2005-6, aiming at making the extension system farmer driven and farmer accountable by providing new institutional arrangements for technology dissemination.This has been done through the setting up of Agricultural Technology Management Agencies (ATMA) at district.

 

 

 

 
 
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